League ID # 00286589
Safety Manual is distributed to all League Volunteers
For additional information see our website at www.mclittleleague.org
Table of Contents
The goal of the safety program is to reduce and eliminate injuries to players and spectators. Some of the topics covered in the safety plan are very practical and common sense, while others issues are more complex.
The league's safety program involves everyone! If you see a safety hazard or unsafe behavior, it must be reported so the safety concern can be resolved. Anyone with ideas for the safety program is encouraged to share it with the safety officer and/or the board.
MCLL was chartered in December 2012 with an effective date of January 1st, 2013. We are a 501 (c)(3) non-profit organization incorporated in the State of Maryland.
The purpose of the organization is to promote and organize instructional youth sports programs (baseball and softball) in which good sportsmanship, fair play and safety will be practiced at all times. This includes, but not limited to, the following:
Following is a brief description of the programs that our organization offers:
Our Fall season begins in mid-August and runs through the middle of October. This program focuses on skill work and learning the fundamentals since coaches have more time to work one on one with players on specific skills. Younger players can continue what they began in the spring. The enthusiasm the younger players have can be nurtured and strengthened each year through this more relaxed training program. Older players who already have the ambition and dream of playing better baseball seize the opportunity of continuing their baseball education. This League is in existence for the players, but it is all the volunteers, coaches, managers, parents, umpires, board members and sponsors who make the experience.
The President of MCLL is responsible for ensuring that the policies and regulations of the MCLL Safety Officer are carried out by the entire membership to the best of his or her abilities.
The main responsibility of the MCLL Safety Officer is to develop and implement the League’s safety program. The Safety Officer is the link between the Board of Directors of MCLL and its’ managers, coaches, players, spectators and other third parties involved in our programs in regards to safety matters, rules and regulations.
The Safety Officer’s responsibilities include:
The MCLL Members will adhere to and carry out the policies as set forth in this safety manual.
MCLL conducts a formal Facility Survey that is updated on an annual basis and submitted to the Little League Headquarters along with this Safety Plan. You may contact the league Safety Officer or other league officials for a copy or access if necessary.
MCLL inspects the fields every year at the beginning of the season for exposed fence wires, dugout conditions, benches, etc. The fields and surrounding areas are also reviewed on a regular basis during the season by the Safety Officer and/or other Board Members. In addition, MCLL Managers, Coaches and Umpires will be required to review the field on which they will be playing before each game to look for and correct any unsafe conditions (holes, broken glass, rocks, equipment, etc.) prior to the start of play. Any field or areas used for league practices shall be inspected for unsafe conditions by team coaches prior to all league practices as well.
The Manager is a person appointed by the President of MCLL to be responsible for the team’s actions on the field, and to represent the team in communications with the umpire and the opposing team. Additional responsibilities include:
Catchers must wear full helmet with facemask, throat guard, long model chest protector, and shin guards. Male catchers must wear an athletic supporter with cup at all times during all games and practices.
Anyone acting in the capacity of catcher must wear a full helmet with facemask and throat protector during any type of warm-ups. Players are not allowed to wear metal cleats until the Intermediate Division. Players are not allowed to wear jewelry of any kind during practice or during a game. All players must tuck in their shirt while playing a game. All players must wear Little League approved protective helmets during batting. Managers and Coaches should encourage parents of players who wear glasses to have their child wear safety glasses.
There are no on deck circles in divisions below Intermediate level. The “On Deck Batter” may not take any practice swings until he/she reaches the dirt around home plate. This is also the only place anyone is allowed to swing a bat.
Each manager will have a safety representative on their team. Bats at all levels must conform to Little League approved standards and have a barrel diameter of 2.25 inches or less, and a BPF factor of 1.15 or less clearly printed on the bat. If you have any safety issues or know of anything that needs to be added to the safety program please contact the Safety Officer.
During the Game:
The MCLL equipment manager is responsible to get damaged equipment repaired or replaced as reported. Coaches must report equipment requests to their respective Commissioner for action.
Conditioning is an intricate part of accident prevention. Extensive studies on the effect of conditioning, commonly known as “warm-ups” have demonstrated that the stretching and contracting of muscles just before an athletic activity improved general control of movements, coordination and alertness. Such drills also help develop the strength and stamina needed by the average youngster to compete with minimum accident exposure. The purpose of stretching is to increase flexibility within the various muscle groups and prevent tearing from over-extension. Stretching should never be done forcefully, but rather in a gradual manner to encourage looseness and flexibility.
Hints on Stretching:
Hints on Calisthenics:
Good nutrition is important for children. Sometimes, the most important nutrient children need is water – especially when they’re physically active. When children are physically active, their muscles generate heat thereby increasing their body temperature. As their body temperature rises, their cooling mechanism – sweat – kicks in. When sweat evaporates, the body is cooled. Unfortunately, children get hotter than adults during physical activity and their body’s cooling mechanism is not as efficient as adults. If fluids aren’t replaced, children can become overheated.
We usually think about dehydration in the summer months when hot temperatures shorten the time it takes for children to become overheated. But keeping children well hydrated is just as important in the winter months. Additional clothing worn in the colder weather makes it difficult for sweat to evaporate, so the body does not cool as quickly. It does not matter if it’s January or July; thirst is not an indicator of fluid needs. Therefore, children must be encouraged to drink fluids even when they don’t feel thirsty. Managers and coaches should schedule drink breaks every 15 to 30 minutes during practices on hot days, and should encourage players to drink between every inning.
During any activity water is an excellent fluid to keep the body well hydrated. If a player should collapse as a result of heat exhaustion, call 9-1-1 immediately. Get the player to drink water and use the instant ice bags supplied in your First Aid Kit to cool him/her down until the emergency medical team arrives. MCLL recommends the use of sunscreen with a SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 15 as a means of protection from damaging ultra violet light.
A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury caused by a blow or jolt to the head or body that causes the brain to shake. The shaking can cause the brain to not work normally and can result in serious side effects. Each year, thousands of children and youth are diagnosed with concussions and only half are sports related. Concussions can occur even when a child does not lose consciousness. In fact, only 10 percent of children with concussions report being "knocked out”. Some of the symptoms may worsen over a matter of days, and it is common for new symptoms to appear in the days following the injury.
In the exhibits of this plan is a quick checklist provided by CDC and it gives examples of symptoms to watch out for, their level of seriousness and how to respond to them. In most cases a player that experience a concussion will need rest from any such activity for a period of time until those symptoms have subsided. If it has been determined that a concussion occurred, parents will need to have their son or daughter examined and cleared by their physician in order for the player to resume playing.
Coaches – if you think a concussion may have occurred but are not sure then you need to treat the incident as a concussion and remove that player from the game and treat him/her as if they are injured.
The Equipment Manager is appointed by the MCLL Board and is responsible for purchasing and distributing equipment to the individual teams. The equipment will be checked when it is issued, but it is the Manager’s responsibility to maintain it. Managers should inspect equipment before each game and each practice.
The Equipment Manager will promptly replace damaged equipment that was supplied by the League. The damaged equipment will be destroyed as to ensure no one gets hurt by mistakenly using damaged equipment. Some kids like to bring their own gear. This equipment can only be used if it meets the requirements outlined in the Little League Rule Book.
At the end of the season, all equipment must be returned to the MCLL Equipment Manager. All First Aid Kits must be turned in with equipment or to the MCLL Safety Officer.
There is nothing better than watching a bunch of kids playing baseball, especially if it’s a family affair. But along with this great experience comes the responsibility of making the parks and ball fields safe for the players as well as the spectators.
Here are some important guidelines:
Traffic and Cars: Parents and Coaches should be reminded to be careful and aware when driving in parking lots since it only takes a few seconds for a preventable incident to occur. Any unsafe driving should be reported to the league. It is also a good idea to have parents inform relatives and friends the importance of safe driving around our fields.
Kids and Bicycles: It is great to see kids riding bicycles but the ball field is not the place to do it. If a child is riding a bike it needs to be away from the players and spectators.
Strangers in the Park: We have all seen reports about a child being snatched from a school playground, daycare center, or sports field. Parents and Coaches need to be aware of the whereabouts of their players and safeguard them from any such dangers. According to news reports, a typical snatcher tries to befriend a child and then try to isolate the child from others. At a typical baseball game, the focus of most managers, coaches and spectators is watching the game on the field and a snatcher takes advantage of that. Suspicious activity should be reported to the Montgomery County Police. In addition, parents must keep an eye on their younger children who are at the park and should not leave children unattended at the playgrounds.
If it begins to rain, evaluate the strength of the rain and determine the direction the storm is moving. Evaluate the playing field as it becomes more and more saturated. Stop practice if the playing conditions become unsafe. If playing a game, consult with the other manager or umpire to formulate a decision.
The thunder from a lightning stroke can be only heard over a distance of 3 to 4 miles on average and depending on the terrain, humidity and background noise around you. By the time you can hear thunder the storm has already approached. The sudden cool wind that many people use to gauge the approach of a thunderstorm is the result of downdrafts and usually extends from the storm’s leading edge. If you can hear, see or feel a thunderstorm, suspend all games and practices immediately. Stay away from metal including fencing, bleachers and bats. Get players to walk (not run) to either a covered area (not under trees) or their parent’s or designated driver’s cars and wait for your decision on whether or not to continue the game or practice.
What to report:
An incident that causes any player, manager, coach, or volunteer to receive medical treatment and/or first aid must be reported to the MCLL Safety Officer. This includes even passive treatment such as the evaluation and diagnosis of the extent of the injury.
When to report:
All such incidents described above must be reported to the MCLL Safety Officer within 24 hours of the incident. The MCLL Safety Officer, Ron Altieri, can be reached at the following:
How to make a report:
Reporting incidents can come in a variety of forms. Reports can be made online. Most typically, they are telephone conversations. At a minimum, the following information must be provided:
MCLL Safety Officer’s Responsibilities:
Within 24 hours of receiving the MCLL Accident Investigation Form, the MCLL Safety Officer will contact the injured party or the party’s parents and:
Little League accident insurance covers only those activities approved or sanctioned by Little League International, Incorporated. The MCLL insurance policy is designed to supplement a parent’s existing family policy.
The Little League’s insurance policy is designed to afford protection to all participants at the most economical cost to MCLL. It can be used to supplement other insurance carried under a family policy or insurance provided by a parent’s employer. If there is no other coverage, Little League insurance which is purchased by MCLL, takes over and provides benefits (after a $50 deductible per claim) for all covered injury treatment costs up to the maximum stated benefits. This plan makes it possible to offer exceptional, low-cost protection with assurance to parents that adequate coverage is in force at all times during the season.
When filing a claim, all medical costs should be fully itemized. If no insurance is in effect, a letter from the parent or claimant’s employer explaining the lack of Group or Employer insurance must accompany a claim forms. On dental claims, it will be necessary to fill out a Major Medical Form, as well as a Dental Form, and then submit them to the insurance company of the claimant. “Accident damage to whole, sound, normal teeth as a direct result of an accident” must be stated on the form and bills.
Forward a copy of the insurance company’s response to Little League Headquarters. Include the claimant’s name, League ID, and year of the injury on the form. Claims must be filed with the MCLL Safety Officer. He/she forwards them to Little League Baseball, Incorporated, PO Box 3485, Williamsport, PA 17701. Claim officers can be contacted at (717) 327-1674 and fax (717) 326-1074. Contact the MCLL Safety Officer for more information.
Volunteers are the greatest resource Little League has in providing its various programs. Volunteers also pose one of the largest risks to the League since it has been shown that individuals near children may take advantage of that relationship for abusive reasons. Some define child sexual abuse as “the exploitation of a child by an older child, teen or adult for the personal gratification of the abusive individual”. Child abuse can take many forms including touching to non-touching offenses. Child victims are usually made to feel as if they have brought the abuse upon themselves; they are made to feel guilty. For this reason, sexual abuse victims seldom disclose the victimization. Children need to understand that it is never their fault, and both children and adults need to know what they can do to keep it from happening. Anyone can be an abuser and it could happen anywhere. You can help to reduce the risk that it will happen in our league by educating parents, volunteers and children of that possibility. We advise all coaches and other volunteers to not put themselves in a position (such as being alone with a player that is not their child) that would expose them to such allegations.
MCLL has in place a mechanism for checking volunteers for past occurrences of abuse. The volunteers are required to fill out the Little League Volunteer Application and provide a photocopy of their driver’s license. MCLL does background checks on all the volunteers through a third party vendor and any convictions would be identified. Any volunteers that refuse to complete the full application process will not be allowed to participate in that capacity.
MCLL supports and is in full compliance with this initiative from Little League International.
First aid is the first care given to a victim. It is usually performed by the first person on the scene and continued until professional medical help arrives. At no time should anyone administering First Aid go beyond his or her capabilities. The average response time on 9-1-1 calls is 5 to 7 minutes so perform whatever First Aid you can and wait for the paramedics to arrive.
First Aid Kits will be furnished to each team at the beginning of the season. The First Aid kit will become part of the Team’s equipment package and shall be taken to all practices, games (whether season or post-season) and any other MCLL Little League event where children’s safety is at risk. To replenish materials in the Team First Aid Kit, the Manager or designated coaches must contact the MCLL Safety Officer. (See contact information and address in phone# section of this Safety Manual or in First Aid Kit.)
First Aid Kits must be turned in at the end of this season along with equipment bags. This is so the kit can be checked for completeness and refurbished if necessary.
Some Important First Aid Do’s and Don’ts
Often players are upset and worried when another player is injured. They need to feel safe and understand why the injury occurred.
The most important help that you can provide to a victim who is seriously injured is to call for professional medical help. Make the call quickly, preferably from a cell phone near the injured person. If this is not possible send someone else to make the call from a nearby telephone.
When the call is made, please be sure that you or another caller perform these four steps:
When to call:
If the injured person is unconscious, call 9-1-1 immediately. Sometimes a conscious victim will tell you not to call an ambulance, and you may not be sure what to do. If the victim experiences any of the following symptoms, call 9-1-1 anyway:
If the victim is conscious, ask what happened. Look for other life-threatening conditions and conditions that need care or might become life threatening. The victim may be able to tell you what happened and how he or she feels. This information helps determine what care may be needed. This check has two steps:
If the victim does not respond to you in any way, assume the victim is unconscious. Call 9-1-1 and report the emergency immediately.
Bleeding in General:
Before initiating any First Aid to control bleeding, be sure to wear Latex Gloves included in your First Aid Kit in order to avoid contact of the victim’s blood with your skin.
If a victim is bleeding:
To control a nosebleed, have the victim lean forward and pinch the nostrils together until bleeding stops.
Bleeding Inside and Outside of the Mouth:
To control bleeding inside the cheek, place folded dressings inside the mouth against the wound. To control bleeding on the outside, use dressings to apply pressure directly to the wound and bandage so as not to restrict breathing.
If the cut is deep, stop bleeding, bandage, and encourage the victim to get to a hospital for assessment by a medical professional.
If the individual has any history of allergic reactions to bites/stings (anaphylaxis) , do not wait for symptoms to appear. Get professional medical help immediately. Call 9-1-1. If breathing difficulties occur, start rescue breathing techniques; if pulse is absent, begin CPR.
Signs of allergic reaction may include: nausea; severe swelling; breathing difficulties; bluish face, lips and fingernails; shock or unconsciousness.
Treatment for Stings:
Avulsion (entire tooth knocked out):
If a tooth is knocked out, place a sterile dressing directly in the space left by the tooth. Tell the victim to bite down. Dentists can successfully replant a knocked out tooth if they can do so quickly and if the tooth has been cared for properly.
Time is very important. Re-implantation within 30 minutes has the highest degree of success.
Luxation (Tooth in socket, but Wrong Position):
Extruded Tooth – upper tooth hangs down and/or lower tooth raised up.
Reposition tooth in socket using firm finger pressure. Stabilize tooth by gently biting on towel or handkerchief. Transport immediately to dentist. Lateral Displacement – Tooth pushed back or pulled forward. Try to reposition tooth using finger pressure. Victim may require local anesthetic to reposition tooth; if so, stabilize tooth by gently biting on towel or handkerchief. Transport to dentist immediately.
Intruded Tooth – Tooth pushed into gum – looks short. Do nothing – avoid any repositioning of tooth. Transport to dentist immediately. Fracture (broken tooth) – If tooth is totally broken in half, save the broken portion and bring to the dental office as described under Avulsion. Stabilize portion of tooth left in mouth by gently biting on a towel or handkerchief to control bleeding. Should extreme pain occur, limit contact with other teeth, air or tongue. Pulp nerve may be exposed, which is extremely painful to athlete. Save all fragments of fractured tooth as described under Avulsion. Transport patient and tooth fragments to dentist immediately in the plastic baggie supplied in your First Aid kit.
Do not, at any time, administer any kind of prescription medicine. This is the parent’s responsibility and FCLL does not want to be held liable, nor do you, in case the child has an adverse reaction to the medications.
Many children suffer from asthma and/or allergies. Allergy symptoms can manifest themselves to look like the child has a cold or flu while children with asthma usually have difficult time breathing when they become active. Allergies are usually treated with prescription medications. If a child is allergic to insect stings/bites or certain types of food, you must know about it because these allergic reactions can become life threatening. Likewise, a child with asthma needs to be watched. If a child starts to have asthma attack, have him/her stop playing immediately and calm him/her down until he/she is able to breathe normally. If the asthma attack persists, dial 9-1-1 and request emergency service.
Asthma has 2 components: the underlying chronic inflammation and the periodic attacks. The tendency to have asthma runs in families and that some people are born with it. In exercise induced asthma the trigger typically is mouth breathing during exercise. The attack is similar in many ways to an allergic reaction.￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼
Because asthma is a type of allergic reaction, it is sometimes called reactive airway disease. Sports and games that require continuous activity or are played in cold weather are most likely to trigger an asthma attack. Symptoms usually begin about 5-20 minutes after beginning to exercise. The symptoms usually peak about 5-10 minutes after stopping exercise, and then gradually diminish. The symptoms are often gone within an hour, but they may last longer. Symptoms include one or a combination of the following:
Phone/Fax: (301) 250-1100
P.O. Box 1833
Germantown, MD 20875
Safety Officer, Ron Altieri - 240-381-3152
President of BoD, Marty McNeill - 301-353-9626
President - 301-353-9626
Player Agent - 240-543-9087
Treasurer - Vacant
Secretary - 301-828-5732
District Administrator - 443-340-8924
450 Robins Way
Westminster MD 21158
District Safety Officer - 443-285-1036
Montgomery County Police/Fire/EMT: 911
AAPCC Poison Control Center - (800) 222-1222
LL East Regional Office - (860) 585-4730
Fax – LL East Regional Office - (860) 585-4734
335 Mix Street
Bristol, Connecticut 06010
Keep Your Players Safer
Do you know what equipment is required for player safety on the field? Do you know which optional items can help keep players safer? Check out the following list for ideas and reminders.
Buying bats for your league’s baseball divisions? If it is composite metal, make sure it has the BPF 1.15 label. Bats in use in Little League Baseball (Majors Division and younger) must have the new bat performance factor listed on the bat.
Unless this marking is present, the bat will be removed from games.
Little League officials are aware some bats do not have the required markings but are Little League approved. And some of the bats on the approved bat list may not carry the required BPF 1.15 marking, depending on when they were manufactured and licensed.
￼Little League is building a list of bats that are approved but do not have the BPF marking due to special circumstances. For these bats, the eligibility for play will be extended until December 31, 2009. As Little League is made aware of bats that meet the BPF rule for this extension, the bats will be added to the list.
ONLY bats with a BPF 1.15 marking or that are listed below will be allowed for use in the Little League (Majors) Baseball and younger divisions in 2009.
Non-BPF-marked bats approved until Dec. 31, 2009:
Adidas – Vanquish (blue design) A newer model of this bat, also named Vanquish with copper and black markings, has the proper labeling, so is therefore not subject to the one-year rule.
DeMarini – Black Coyote, Rogue, Distance, Rumble, Tengu, Mach 10, Patriot
Easton – LZ-810, LZ-800, Stealth Optiflex LST 1, Louisville Slugger – YB31
NIKE – Areo
Spring 2009 5
There may be times where an incident needs to be reported to MCLL regarding an injury or other event. Please complete the following questions in as much detail as possible so we can sufficiently understand what happened in order to address any changes or other actions that may be needed. Please submit an incident report online at http://www.mclittleleague.org/coaches/incident-report as soon as possible to report the event and then fax in a more detailed description of the incident as soon as possible.
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury
that changes the way the brain normally works. A concussion is caused by bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. Even a “ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.
Signs and symptoms of concussion can show up right after the injury or may not appear or be noticed until days or weeks after the injury.
If an athlete reports one or more symptoms of concussion listed below after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, s/he should be kept out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says s/he is symptom-free and it’s OK to return to play.
Concussions affect people differently. While most athletes with a concussion recover quickly and fully, some will have symptoms that last for days, or even weeks. A more serious concussion can last for months or longer.
In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in a person with a concussion and crowd the brain against the skull. An athlete should receive immediate medical attention if after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body s/he exhibits any of the following danger signs:
If an athlete has a concussion, his/her brain needs time to heal. While an athlete’s brain is still healing, s/he is much more likely to have another concussion. Repeat concussions can increase the time it takes to recover. In rare cases, repeat concussions in young athletes can result in brain swelling or permanent damage to their brain. They can even be fatal.
If you suspect that an athlete has a concussion, remove the athlete from play and seek medical attention. Do not try to judge the severity of the injury yourself. Keep the athlete out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says s/he is symptom-free and it’s OK to return to play.
Rest is key to helping an athlete recover from a concussion. Exercising or activities that involve a lot of concentration, such as studying, working on the computer, or playing video games, may cause concussion symptoms to reappear or get worse. After a concussion, returning to sports and school is a gradual process that should be carefully managed and monitored by a healthcare professional.
It’s better to miss one game than the whole season. For more information on concussions, visit: www.cdc.gov/Concussion.￼￼￼￼￼￼