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Safety Plan



Montgomery County Little League

of Maryland, Inc. (MCLL)




League ID # 00286589

Safety Plan Manual



Safety Manual is distributed to all League Volunteers

For additional information see our website at www.mclittleleague.org

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Montgomery County Little League of Maryland, Inc. (MCLL)

Important Numbers

Board of Directors

Responsibilities Relative to Safety

The MCLL Members:

Facility Inspections and Survey:

Managers and Coaches:

Equipment Manager:

Conditioning and Stretching

Hydration

Concussions

Equipment

Keeping our Parks Safe

Weather

Accident Reporting Procedure

Insurance Policies

Explanation of Coverage:

How the insurance works:

Filing a Claim:

Volunteers

Health and Medical – Giving First Aid

What is First Aid?

First Aid Kits

9-1-1 Emergency Number

Checking the Victim

Conscious Victims:

Unconscious Victims:

Emergency Treatment for Dental Injuries

Prescription Medications

Asthma and Allergies

Exercise-Induced Asthma Symptoms:

Concession Stand Guidelines – Not Applicable

Emergency Contact Numbers

Montgomery County Little League

Safety Committee

MCLL Board of Directors Officers:

District Staff

Emergency

For Hometown Little League





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Introduction

The goal of the safety program is to reduce and eliminate injuries to players and spectators. Some of the topics covered in the safety plan are very practical and common sense, while others issues are more complex.

The league's safety program involves everyone! If you see a safety hazard or unsafe behavior, it must be reported so the safety concern can be resolved. Anyone with ideas for the safety program is encouraged to share it with the safety officer and/or the board.

Montgomery County Little League of Maryland, Inc. (MCLL)

MCLL was chartered in December 2012 with an effective date of January 1st, 2013. We are a 501 (c)(3) non-profit organization incorporated in the State of Maryland.

The purpose of the organization is to promote and organize instructional youth sports programs (baseball and softball) in which good sportsmanship, fair play and safety will be practiced at all times. This includes, but not limited to, the following:

  1. To consider and be responsive to the health, welfare and ability of each player participating in the youth sports program(s.)

  2. To encourage players to continue to develop their skills and understanding of the game in a safe and positive manner.

  3. To provide resources and guidance to coaches to assist them in teaching the fundamentals of the game to their players as well as to keep the proper context on the importance of winning and good sportsmanship.

Following is a brief description of the programs that our organization offers:

  1. Tee-Ball is the initial level of programs and covers participants between the ages of 4 to 6. This is the first building block of baseball and at this level we introduce the fundamentals of catching, throwing, hitting, base running and field positions.

  2. Minor League Single A baseball and softball divisions (Coach Pitch) cover players between the ages of 6 to 8 and it is the next step in development. It is here that coach pitching is utilized and players learn the skill needed to hit a thrown pitch while expanding on the lessons learned in Tee Ball. Throughout our entire program the fundamentals are always stressed.

  3. Minor League Double A baseball and softball divisions cover players between the ages of 8 to 11 and introduces players to pitching, bunting and an expanded focus on fielding skills (greater focus on outfield and infield activity) and hitting. Players also learn how to protect themselves while hitting and getting into a defensive position after completing a pitch. This part of our program is similar to the Minor Leagues in professional baseball and is more competitive than the Coach Pitch Division. Here players are given the opportunity to further develop their skills in a league that focuses more on instruction and less on competition.

  4. Minor League Triple A baseball and softball divisions cover players between the ages of 9 to 11 and introduces players to modified stealing and an expanded focus on catching skills and game situations. While the main focus is still on instruction and the further development of player skills, there is an increased level of competition between teams.

  5. Major League baseball and softball divisions cover players between the ages of 9 to 12 and is reserved for those individuals that have demonstrated the skills needed to succeed in competitive baseball. Upon completion of the spring season, MCLL will participate in the competitive tournament run by Little League International.

  6. Intermediate League baseball division covers players between the ages of 11 to 13 and is reserved for those individuals that have demonstrated the skills needed to succeed in competitive baseball. Players are introduced to a larger playing field (70’ bases), a further pitching distance and traditional stealing. Upon completion of the spring season, MCLL will participate in the competitive tournament run by Little League International.

  7. Junior League baseball division covers players between the ages of 12 to 14 and is reserved for those individuals that have demonstrated the skills needed to succeed in competitive baseball. Players are introduced to a larger playing field (90’ bases) and a further pitching distance. Upon completion of the spring season, MCLL will participate in the competitive tournament run by Little League International.

Our Fall season begins in mid-August and runs through the middle of October. This program focuses on skill work and learning the fundamentals since coaches have more time to work one on one with players on specific skills. Younger players can continue what they began in the spring. The enthusiasm the younger players have can be nurtured and strengthened each year through this more relaxed training program. Older players who already have the ambition and dream of playing better baseball seize the opportunity of continuing their baseball education. This League is in existence for the players, but it is all the volunteers, coaches, managers, parents, umpires, board members and sponsors who make the experience.

Important Numbers

  • Emergency 911

  • Montgomery County Police - Non-emergency (301) 279-8000

  • Animal Control - Montgomery County (240) 773-5960

  • Poison Control (800) 492-2414

  • Montgomery County Rain Line: (301) 765-8787


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Board of Directors


Title

Name

Phone

President

Jason Arnold

240-543-9087

Vice-President

Darren Petrie

301-275-5947

Player Agent

Ron Altieri

240-381-3152

Secretary

Jason Lucas

301-787-8890

Treasurer

Mike Mazza

301-977-7517

Information Officer

Darren Petrie

301-275-5947

Safety Officer

James Reinhardt

203-644-0048





























Responsibilities Relative to Safety

President:

The President of MCLL is responsible for ensuring that the policies and regulations of the MCLL Safety Officer are carried out by the entire membership to the best of his or her abilities.

Safety Officer:

The main responsibility of the MCLL Safety Officer is to develop and implement the League’s safety program. The Safety Officer is the link between the Board of Directors of MCLL and its’ managers, coaches, players, spectators and other third parties involved in our programs in regards to safety matters, rules and regulations.

The Safety Officer’s responsibilities include:

  • Coordinating the individual Team Safety Officers in order to provide the safest possible environment for all.

  • Assisting parents and individuals with insurance claims and will act as the liaison between the insurance company and the parents and individuals.

  • Explaining insurance benefits to claimants and assisting them with the filing of the correct paperwork.

  • Keeping the First Aid Log (www.mclittleleague.org/coaches/incident-report). This log will list where accidents and injuries are occurring, to whom, and which divisions (Softball, Juniors, Intermediate, Majors, Minors, Tee- Ball), at what times, under what supervision.

  • Summarizing data in the First Aid Log to determine proper accident prevention in the future.

  • Ensuring that each team receives its Safety Manual and its First Aid Kit at the beginning of the season.

  • Ensuring First Aid Kits are provided to all teams and restocking the kits as needed.

  • Make Little League’s “no tolerance with child abuse” clear to all.

  • Checking fields with the Field Manager and listing areas needing attention.

  • Scheduling a First Aid Clinic and CPR training class for all managers, designated coaches and player agent during the pre-season.

  • Resolving unsafe or hazardous conditions once a situation has been brought to his/her attention.

  • Making spot checks at practices and games to make sure all managers have their First Aid Kits and Safety Manuals.

  • Making sure safety is a monthly Board Meeting topic, and allowing experienced people to share ideas on improving safety.

The MCLL Members:

The MCLL Members will adhere to and carry out the policies as set forth in this safety manual.

Facility Inspections and Survey:

MCLL conducts a formal Facility Survey that is updated on an annual basis and submitted to the Little League Headquarters along with this Safety Plan. You may contact the league Safety Officer or other league officials for a copy or access if necessary.

MCLL inspects the fields every year at the beginning of the season for exposed fence wires, dugout conditions, benches, etc. The fields and surrounding areas are also reviewed on a regular basis during the season by the Safety Officer and/or other Board Members. In addition, MCLL Managers, Coaches and Umpires will be required to review the field on which they will be playing before each game to look for and correct any unsafe conditions (holes, broken glass, rocks, equipment, etc.) prior to the start of play. Any field or areas used for league practices shall be inspected for unsafe conditions by team coaches prior to all league practices as well.

Managers and Coaches:

The Manager is a person appointed by the President of MCLL to be responsible for the team’s actions on the field, and to represent the team in communications with the umpire and the opposing team. Additional responsibilities include:

  1. The Manager shall always be responsible for the team’s conduct, observance of the official rules of Little League Baseball and deference to the umpires.

  2. The Manager is also responsible for the safety of his players. He/she is also ultimately responsible for the actions of designated coaches and the team.

  3. If a Manager leaves the field, that Manager shall designate a Coach as a substitute and such Substitute Manager shall have the duties, rights and responsibilities of the Manager.

  4. Take possession of this Safety Manual and the First Aid Kit supplied by MCLL.

  5. Appoint a volunteer parent as Team Safety Officer (TSO). The TSO must be able to be present at all games or have a designated substitute and must have access to a cell phone for emergencies.

  6. Attend a mandatory training session on First Aid given by MCLL with his/her designated coaches.

  7. Coaches Clinic will be held with at least one manager or coach from each team present for the fundamentals training. Cover the basics of safe play with his/her team before starting the first practice. Teach the players the fundamentals of the game while advocating safety. Teach players how to slide before the season starts. Encourage players to bring water bottles to practices and games. Tell parents to bring sunscreen for themselves and their child(ren). Make sure equipment is in working order. If anything is damaged, manager shall contact the equipment officer for a replacement piece if it is supplied by MCLL. Teach the fundamentals of the game to players (catching fly balls, sliding correctly, proper fielding of ground balls, simple pitching motion for balance, etc.) Be open to ideas and suggestions for improvement and/or help. Always have First Aid Kit and Safety Manual on hand and consider the potential safety concerns during a practice or game.

Catchers must wear full helmet with facemask, throat guard, long model chest protector, and shin guards. Male catchers must wear an athletic supporter with cup at all times during all games and practices.

Anyone acting in the capacity of catcher must wear a full helmet with facemask and throat protector during any type of warm-ups. Players are not allowed to wear metal cleats until the Intermediate Division. Players are not allowed to wear jewelry of any kind during practice or during a game. All players must tuck in their shirt while playing a game. All players must wear Little League approved protective helmets during batting. Managers and Coaches should encourage parents of players who wear glasses to have their child wear safety glasses.

There are no on deck circles in divisions below Intermediate level. The “On Deck Batter” may not take any practice swings until he/she reaches the dirt around home plate. This is also the only place anyone is allowed to swing a bat.

Each manager will have a safety representative on their team. Bats at all levels must conform to Little League approved standards and have a barrel diameter of 2.25 inches or less, and a BPF factor of 1.15 or less clearly printed on the bat. If you have any safety issues or know of anything that needs to be added to the safety program please contact the Safety Officer.

Pre-Game:

  • Make sure players are healthy, rested and alert.

  • Make sure players are wearing the proper uniform and equipment (i.e. protective cups, correct cleats, etc.).

  • Make sure the equipment is in good working order and is safe.

  • Managers and Coaches of both teams will be responsible for walking fields to ensure there are no hazards present.

  • Enforce the rule that no bats and balls are permitted on the field until all players have done their proper stretching. (see conditioning section)

During the Game:

  • Make sure all players carry all gloves and other equipment off the field and to the dugout when their team is up to bat. No equipment shall be left lying on the field, either in fair or foul territory.

  • Managers and Coaches should always emphasize that all players need to stay alert and keep their eyes on the ball at all times during practice and games.

  • Maintain discipline at all times.

  • Be organized.

  • Keep players and substitutes sitting on the team’s bench or in the dugout unless participating in the game or preparing to enter the game.

  • Make sure catchers are wearing the proper equipment.

  • Encourage everyone to think “safety first”.

  • Observe the “no on-deck” rule for batters and keep players behind fences at all times. No player should handle a bat in the dugouts at any time.

  • Keep players off fences.

  • Get players to drink often so they do not dehydrate.

  • Do not play children that are ill or injured.

  • Attend to children that become injured in a game.

  • Do not lose focus by engaging in conversation with parents and passerby’s.

Post Game:

  • Do not leave the field until every team member has been picked up by a known family member or designated driver.

  • Notify parents if their child has been injured no matter how small or insignificant the injury is.  There are no exceptions to this rule and doing so protects you, MCLL and Little League.

  • Discuss any safety issues with the Safety Officer that occurred before, during or after the game.

  • If there was an injury, make sure a report is filled out and given to the MCLL Safety Officer.

  • Return the field to the pre-game condition, per MCLL policy.

  • If a manager knowingly disregards the safety of their players, it is the responsibility of other coaches or managers that witness such activity to report it to the Safety Officer. The incident will be reviewed by the MCLL Board of Directors and discussed with that Manager to determine if any corrective action, including suspension, is warranted.

Equipment Manager:

The MCLL equipment manager is responsible to get damaged equipment repaired or replaced as reported. Coaches must report equipment requests to their respective Commissioner for action.

Conditioning and Stretching

Conditioning is an intricate part of accident prevention. Extensive studies on the effect of conditioning, commonly known as “warm-ups” have demonstrated that the stretching and contracting of muscles just before an athletic activity improved general control of movements, coordination and alertness. Such drills also help develop the strength and stamina needed by the average youngster to compete with minimum accident exposure. The purpose of stretching is to increase flexibility within the various muscle groups and prevent tearing from over-extension. Stretching should never be done forcefully, but rather in a gradual manner to encourage looseness and flexibility.

Hints on Stretching:

  • Stretch necks, backs, arms, thighs, legs and calves.

  • Don’t ask the child to stretch more than he or she is capable of.

  • Hold stretch for at least 10 seconds.

  • Don’t allow bouncing while stretching. This tears down the muscle rather than stretching it.

  • Have one of the players lead the stretching exercises.

Hints on Calisthenics:

  • Repetitions of at least 10.

  • Have kids synchronize their movements.

  • Vary upper body with lower body.

  • Keep the pace up for a good cardiovascular workout.

Hydration

Good nutrition is important for children. Sometimes, the most important nutrient children need is water – especially when they’re physically active. When children are physically active, their muscles generate heat thereby increasing their body temperature. As their body temperature rises, their cooling mechanism – sweat – kicks in. When sweat evaporates, the body is cooled. Unfortunately, children get hotter than adults during physical activity and their body’s cooling mechanism is not as efficient as adults. If fluids aren’t replaced, children can become overheated.

We usually think about dehydration in the summer months when hot temperatures shorten the time it takes for children to become overheated. But keeping children well hydrated is just as important in the winter months. Additional clothing worn in the colder weather makes it difficult for sweat to evaporate, so the body does not cool as quickly. It does not matter if it’s January or July; thirst is not an indicator of fluid needs. Therefore, children must be encouraged to drink fluids even when they don’t feel thirsty. Managers and coaches should schedule drink breaks every 15 to 30 minutes during practices on hot days, and should encourage players to drink between every inning.

During any activity water is an excellent fluid to keep the body well hydrated. If a player should collapse as a result of heat exhaustion, call 9-1-1 immediately. Get the player to drink water and use the instant ice bags supplied in your First Aid Kit to cool him/her down until the emergency medical team arrives. MCLL recommends the use of sunscreen with a SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 15 as a means of protection from damaging ultra violet light.

Concussions

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury caused by a blow or jolt to the head or body that causes the brain to shake. The shaking can cause the brain to not work normally and can result in serious side effects. Each year, thousands of children and youth are diagnosed with concussions and only half are sports related. Concussions can occur even when a child does not lose consciousness. In fact, only 10 percent of children with concussions report being "knocked out”. Some of the symptoms may worsen over a matter of days, and it is common for new symptoms to appear in the days following the injury.

In the exhibits of this plan is a quick checklist provided by CDC and it gives examples of symptoms to watch out for, their level of seriousness and how to respond to them. In most cases a player that experience a concussion will need rest from any such activity for a period of time until those symptoms have subsided. If it has been determined that a concussion occurred, parents will need to have their son or daughter examined and cleared by their physician in order for the player to resume playing.

Coaches – if you think a concussion may have occurred but are not sure then you need to treat the incident as a concussion and remove that player from the game and treat him/her as if they are injured.

Equipment

The Equipment Manager is appointed by the MCLL Board and is responsible for purchasing and distributing equipment to the individual teams. The equipment will be checked when it is issued, but it is the Manager’s responsibility to maintain it. Managers should inspect equipment before each game and each practice.

The Equipment Manager will promptly replace damaged equipment that was supplied by the League. The damaged equipment will be destroyed as to ensure no one gets hurt by mistakenly using damaged equipment. Some kids like to bring their own gear. This equipment can only be used if it meets the requirements outlined in the Little League Rule Book.

At the end of the season, all equipment must be returned to the MCLL Equipment Manager. All First Aid Kits must be turned in with equipment or to the MCLL Safety Officer.

Keeping our Parks Safe

There is nothing better than watching a bunch of kids playing baseball, especially if it’s a family affair. But along with this great experience comes the responsibility of making the parks and ball fields safe for the players as well as the spectators.

Here are some important guidelines:

Traffic and Cars: Parents and Coaches should be reminded to be careful and aware when driving in parking lots since it only takes a few seconds for a preventable incident to occur. Any unsafe driving should be reported to the league. It is also a good idea to have parents inform relatives and friends the importance of safe driving around our fields.

Kids and Bicycles: It is great to see kids riding bicycles but the ball field is not the place to do it. If a child is riding a bike it needs to be away from the players and spectators.

Strangers in the Park: We have all seen reports about a child being snatched from a school playground, daycare center, or sports field. Parents and Coaches need to be aware of the whereabouts of their players and safeguard them from any such dangers. According to news reports, a typical snatcher tries to befriend a child and then try to isolate the child from others. At a typical baseball game, the focus of most managers, coaches and spectators is watching the game on the field and a snatcher takes advantage of that. Suspicious activity should be reported to the Montgomery County Police. In addition, parents must keep an eye on their younger children who are at the park and should not leave children unattended at the playgrounds.

Weather

If it begins to rain, evaluate the strength of the rain and determine the direction the storm is moving. Evaluate the playing field as it becomes more and more saturated. Stop practice if the playing conditions become unsafe. If playing a game, consult with the other manager or umpire to formulate a decision.

The thunder from a lightning stroke can be only heard over a distance of 3 to 4 miles on average and depending on the terrain, humidity and background noise around you. By the time you can hear thunder the storm has already approached. The sudden cool wind that many people use to gauge the approach of a thunderstorm is the result of downdrafts and usually extends from the storm’s leading edge. If you can hear, see or feel a thunderstorm, suspend all games and practices immediately. Stay away from metal including fencing, bleachers and bats. Get players to walk (not run) to either a covered area (not under trees) or their parent’s or designated driver’s cars and wait for your decision on whether or not to continue the game or practice.

Accident Reporting Procedure

What to report:

An incident that causes any player, manager, coach, or volunteer to receive medical treatment and/or first aid must be reported to the MCLL Safety Officer. This includes even passive treatment such as the evaluation and diagnosis of the extent of the injury.

When to report:

All such incidents described above must be reported to the MCLL Safety Officer within 24 hours of the incident. The MCLL Safety Officer, Ron Altieri, can be reached at the following:

  • Day Phone: 240-381-3152

  • Email: safety@mclittleleague.org or via Fax: (301) 250-1100

How to make a report:

Reporting incidents can come in a variety of forms. Reports can be made online. Most typically, they are telephone conversations. At a minimum, the following information must be provided:

  • The name and phone number of the individual involved.

  • The date, approximate time and location of the incident.

  • As much detail of the incident as possible.

  • The preliminary estimation of the extent of any injuries.

  • The name and phone number of the person reporting the incident.

MCLL Safety Officer’s Responsibilities:

Within 24 hours of receiving the MCLL Accident Investigation Form, the MCLL Safety Officer will contact the injured party or the party’s parents and:

  • Verify the information received.

  • Obtain any other information deemed necessary.

  • Check on the status of the injured party; and

  • Will advise the parent or guardian of the MCLL’s insurance coverage and the provision for submitting any claims, if needed.

Insurance Policies

Little League accident insurance covers only those activities approved or sanctioned by Little League International, Incorporated. The MCLL insurance policy is designed to supplement a parent’s existing family policy.

Explanation of Coverage:

The Little League’s insurance policy is designed to afford protection to all participants at the most economical cost to MCLL. It can be used to supplement other insurance carried under a family policy or insurance provided by a parent’s employer. If there is no other coverage, Little League insurance which is purchased by MCLL, takes over and provides benefits (after a $50 deductible per claim) for all covered injury treatment costs up to the maximum stated benefits. This plan makes it possible to offer exceptional, low-cost protection with assurance to parents that adequate coverage is in force at all times during the season.

How the insurance works:

  1. First have the child’s parents file a claim under the insurance policy;

  2. Should the family’s insurance policy not fully cover the injury treatment, the Little League policy will help pay the difference, after a $50 deductible per claim, up to the maximum stated benefits.

  3. If the child is not covered by any family insurance, the Little League Policy becomes primary and will provide benefits for all covered injury treatment costs, after a $50 deductible per claim, up to the maximum benefits of the policy.

  4. Treatment of dental injuries can extend beyond the normal fifty-two week period if dental work must be delayed due to physiological changes of a growing child. Benefits will be paid at the time treatment is given, even though it may be some years later. Maximum dollar benefit is $500 for eligible dental treatment after the normal fifty-two week period, subject to the $50 deductible per claim.

Filing a Claim:

When filing a claim, all medical costs should be fully itemized. If no insurance is in effect, a letter from the parent or claimant’s employer explaining the lack of Group or Employer insurance must accompany a claim forms. On dental claims, it will be necessary to fill out a Major Medical Form, as well as a Dental Form, and then submit them to the insurance company of the claimant. “Accident damage to whole, sound, normal teeth as a direct result of an accident” must be stated on the form and bills.

Forward a copy of the insurance company’s response to Little League Headquarters. Include the claimant’s name, League ID, and year of the injury on the form. Claims must be filed with the MCLL Safety Officer. He/she forwards them to Little League Baseball, Incorporated, PO Box 3485, Williamsport, PA 17701. Claim officers can be contacted at (717) 327-1674 and fax (717) 326-1074. Contact the MCLL Safety Officer for more information.

Volunteers

Volunteers are the greatest resource Little League has in providing its various programs. Volunteers also pose one of the largest risks to the League since it has been shown that individuals near children may take advantage of that relationship for abusive reasons. Some define child sexual abuse as “the exploitation of a child by an older child, teen or adult for the personal gratification of the abusive individual”. Child abuse can take many forms including touching to non-touching offenses. Child victims are usually made to feel as if they have brought the abuse upon themselves; they are made to feel guilty. For this reason, sexual abuse victims seldom disclose the victimization. Children need to understand that it is never their fault, and both children and adults need to know what they can do to keep it from happening. Anyone can be an abuser and it could happen anywhere. You can help to reduce the risk that it will happen in our league by educating parents, volunteers and children of that possibility. We advise all coaches and other volunteers to not put themselves in a position (such as being alone with a player that is not their child) that would expose them to such allegations.

MCLL has in place a mechanism for checking volunteers for past occurrences of abuse. The volunteers are required to fill out the Little League Volunteer Application and provide a photocopy of their driver’s license. MCLL does background checks on all the volunteers through a third party vendor and any convictions would be identified. Any volunteers that refuse to complete the full application process will not be allowed to participate in that capacity.

MCLL supports and is in full compliance with this initiative from Little League International.

Health and Medical – Giving First Aid

What is First Aid?

First aid is the first care given to a victim. It is usually performed by the first person on the scene and continued until professional medical help arrives. At no time should anyone administering First Aid go beyond his or her capabilities. The average response time on 9-1-1 calls is 5 to 7 minutes so perform whatever First Aid you can and wait for the paramedics to arrive.

First Aid Kits

First Aid Kits will be furnished to each team at the beginning of the season. The First Aid kit will become part of the Team’s equipment package and shall be taken to all practices, games (whether season or post-season) and any other MCLL Little League event where children’s safety is at risk. To replenish materials in the Team First Aid Kit, the Manager or designated coaches must contact the MCLL Safety Officer. (See contact information and address in phone# section of this Safety Manual or in First Aid Kit.)

First Aid Kits must be turned in at the end of this season along with equipment bags. This is so the kit can be checked for completeness and refurbished if necessary.

Some Important First Aid Do’s and Don’ts

Do....

  • Assess the injury. If the victim is conscious, find out what happened, where it hurts, watch for shock.

  • Know your limitations.

  • Call 9-1-1 immediately if person is unconscious or seriously injured.

  • Look for signs of injury (blood, black and blue, deformity of joint, etc.)

  • Listen to the injured player describe what happened and what hurts if conscious.

  • Before questioning, you may have to calm and soothe an excited child.

  • Feel gently and carefully the injured area for signs of swelling or broken bones.

  • Talk to your team afterwards about the situation if it involves them.

Often players are upset and worried when another player is injured. They need to feel safe and understand why the injury occurred.

Don’t...

  • Administer any medications.

  • Provide any food or beverages (other than water).

  • Hesitate in giving aid when needed.

  • Be afraid to ask for help if you’re not sure of the proper procedure, (i.e., CPR, etc.)  Transport injured individual except in extreme emergencies.

9-1-1 Emergency Number

The most important help that you can provide to a victim who is seriously injured is to call for professional medical help. Make the call quickly, preferably from a cell phone near the injured person. If this is not possible send someone else to make the call from a nearby telephone.

When the call is made, please be sure that you or another caller perform these four steps:

  • First Dial 9-1-1 or ask an assistant or parent to call

  • Give the dispatcher the necessary information.

  • Continue to care for the victim until the professional help arrives.

  • Appoint somebody to go to the street and look for the ambulance and fire engine and flag them down if necessary. This saves valuable time and every minute counts.

When to call:

If the injured person is unconscious, call 9-1-1 immediately. Sometimes a conscious victim will tell you not to call an ambulance, and you may not be sure what to do. If the victim experiences any of the following symptoms, call 9-1-1 anyway:

  • Is or becomes unconscious.

  • Has trouble breathing or is breathing in a strange way.

  • Has chest pain or pressure.

  • Is bleeding severely.

  • Has pressure or pain in the abdomen that does not go away.

  • Is vomiting or passing blood.

  • Has seizures, a severe headache, or slurred speech.

  • Has injuries to the head, neck or back and/or possible broken bones.

Checking the Victim

Conscious Victims:

If the victim is conscious, ask what happened. Look for other life-threatening conditions and conditions that need care or might become life threatening. The victim may be able to tell you what happened and how he or she feels. This information helps determine what care may be needed. This check has two steps:

  1. Talk to the victim and to any people standing by who saw the accident take place.

  2. Check the victim from head to toe so you do not overlook any problems.

  3. Look for a medical alert tag on the victim’s wrist or neck. A tag will give you medical information about the victim, care to give for that problem, and who to call for help.

  4. Do not ask the victim to move, and do not move the victim yourself.

  5. Examine the scalp, face, ears, nose and mouth.

  6. Look for cuts, bruises, bumps and depressions.

  7. Watch for changes in consciousness.

  8. Notice if the victim is drowsy, not alert, or confused.

  9. Look for changes in the victim’s breathing. A healthy person breathes regularly, quietly and easily. Breathing that is not normal includes noisy breathing such as gasping for air; making rasping, gurgling, or whistling sounds; breathing unusually fast or slow; and breathing that is painful.

  10. Notice how the skin looks and feels. Note if the skin is reddish, bluish, pale or gray.

  11. Feel with the back of your hand on the forehead to see if the skin feels unusually damp, dry, cool, or hot.

  12. Ask the victim again about the areas that hurt.

  13. Ask the victim to move each part of the body that doesn’t hurt.

  14. Check the shoulders by asking the victim to shrug them.

  15. Check the chest and abdomen by asking the victim to take a deep breath.

  16. Ask the victim if he or she can move fingers, hands and arms.

  17. Check the hips and legs in the same way.

  18. Watch the victim’s face for signs of pain and listen for sounds of pain such as gasps, moans or cries.

  19. Look for odd bumps or depressions.

  20. Think of how the body usually looks. If you are not sure if something is out of shape, check it against the other side of the body.

  21. When you have finished checking, if the victim can move his or her body without any pain and there are no other signs of injury, have the victim rest sitting up.

  22. When the victim feels ready, help him/her to stand up.

Unconscious Victims:

If the victim does not respond to you in any way, assume the victim is unconscious. Call 9-1-1 and report the emergency immediately.

Bleeding in General:

Before initiating any First Aid to control bleeding, be sure to wear Latex Gloves included in your First Aid Kit in order to avoid contact of the victim’s blood with your skin.

If a victim is bleeding:

  1. Act quickly. Have the victim lie down; elevate the injured limb higher than the victim’s heart unless you suspect a broken bone.

  2. Control bleeding by applying pressure on the wound with a sterile pad or clean cloth.

  3. If bleeding is controlled by direct pressure, bandage firmly to protect wound. Check pulse to be sure bandage is not too tight.

  4. If bleeding is not controlled by use of direct pressure, apply a tourniquet only as a last resort and call 9-1-1 immediately.

Nose Bleed:

To control a nosebleed, have the victim lean forward and pinch the nostrils together until bleeding stops.

Bleeding Inside and Outside of the Mouth:

To control bleeding inside the cheek, place folded dressings inside the mouth against the wound. To control bleeding on the outside, use dressings to apply pressure directly to the wound and bandage so as not to restrict breathing.

Deep Cuts:

If the cut is deep, stop bleeding, bandage, and encourage the victim to get to a hospital for assessment by a medical professional.

Insect Stings

If the individual has any history of allergic reactions to bites/stings (anaphylaxis) , do not wait for symptoms to appear. Get professional medical help immediately. Call 9-1-1. If breathing difficulties occur, start rescue breathing techniques; if pulse is absent, begin CPR.

Symptoms:

Signs of allergic reaction may include: nausea; severe swelling; breathing difficulties; bluish face, lips and fingernails; shock or unconsciousness.

Treatment for Stings:

  1. For mild or moderate symptoms, wash with soap and cold water.

  2. Remove stinger or venom sack by gently scraping with fingernail or credit card. Do not remove stinger with tweezers as more toxins from the stinger could be released into the victim’s body.

  3. For multiple stings, soak affected area in cool water. Add one tablespoon of baking soda per quart of water.

  4. If victim has gone into shock, treat accordingly.

Emergency Treatment for Dental Injuries

Avulsion (entire tooth knocked out):

If a tooth is knocked out, place a sterile dressing directly in the space left by the tooth. Tell the victim to bite down. Dentists can successfully replant a knocked out tooth if they can do so quickly and if the tooth has been cared for properly.

Time is very important. Re-implantation within 30 minutes has the highest degree of success.

Luxation (Tooth in socket, but Wrong Position):

Extruded Tooth – upper tooth hangs down and/or lower tooth raised up.

Reposition tooth in socket using firm finger pressure. Stabilize tooth by gently biting on towel or handkerchief. Transport immediately to dentist. Lateral Displacement – Tooth pushed back or pulled forward. Try to reposition tooth using finger pressure. Victim may require local anesthetic to reposition tooth; if so, stabilize tooth by gently biting on towel or handkerchief. Transport to dentist immediately.

Intruded Tooth – Tooth pushed into gum – looks short. Do nothing – avoid any repositioning of tooth. Transport to dentist immediately. Fracture (broken tooth) – If tooth is totally broken in half, save the broken portion and bring to the dental office as described under Avulsion. Stabilize portion of tooth left in mouth by gently biting on a towel or handkerchief to control bleeding. Should extreme pain occur, limit contact with other teeth, air or tongue. Pulp nerve may be exposed, which is extremely painful to athlete. Save all fragments of fractured tooth as described under Avulsion. Transport patient and tooth fragments to dentist immediately in the plastic baggie supplied in your First Aid kit.

Prescription Medications

Do not, at any time, administer any kind of prescription medicine. This is the parent’s responsibility and FCLL does not want to be held liable, nor do you, in case the child has an adverse reaction to the medications.

Asthma and Allergies

Many children suffer from asthma and/or allergies. Allergy symptoms can manifest themselves to look like the child has a cold or flu while children with asthma usually have difficult time breathing when they become active. Allergies are usually treated with prescription medications. If a child is allergic to insect stings/bites or certain types of food, you must know about it because these allergic reactions can become life threatening. Likewise, a child with asthma needs to be watched. If a child starts to have asthma attack, have him/her stop playing immediately and calm him/her down until he/she is able to breathe normally. If the asthma attack persists, dial 9-1-1 and request emergency service.

Exercise-Induced Asthma Symptoms:

Asthma has 2 components: the underlying chronic inflammation and the periodic attacks. The tendency to have asthma runs in families and that some people are born with it. In exercise induced asthma the trigger typically is mouth breathing during exercise. The attack is similar in many ways to an allergic reaction.

Because asthma is a type of allergic reaction, it is sometimes called reactive airway disease. Sports and games that require continuous activity or are played in cold weather are most likely to trigger an asthma attack. Symptoms usually begin about 5-20 minutes after beginning to exercise. The symptoms usually peak about 5-10 minutes after stopping exercise, and then gradually diminish. The symptoms are often gone within an hour, but they may last longer. Symptoms include one or a combination of the following:

  • Coughing

  • Chest tightness

  • Prolonged shortness of breath

  • Wheezing

  • Chest pain

  • Extreme fatigue

Concession Stand Guidelines – Not Applicable

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Emergency Contact Numbers

Montgomery County Little League

Phone/Fax: (301) 250-1100

P.O. Box 1833

Germantown, MD 20875

Safety Committee

Safety Officer, Ron Altieri - 240-381-3152

Equipment Manager

President of BoD, Marty McNeill - 301-353-9626

MCLL Board of Directors Officers:

President - 301-353-9626

Player Agent - 240-543-9087

Treasurer - Vacant

Secretary - 301-828-5732

District Staff

District Administrator - 443-340-8924

450 Robins Way

Westminster MD 21158

District Safety Officer - 443-285-1036

Emergency

Montgomery County Police/Fire/EMT: 911

AAPCC Poison Control Center - (800) 222-1222

For Hometown Little League

LL East Regional Office - (860) 585-4730

Fax – LL East Regional Office - (860) 585-4734

335 Mix Street

Bristol, Connecticut 06010


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Equipment Checklist

Keep Your Players Safer

Do you know what equipment is required for player safety on the field? Do you know which optional items can help keep players safer? Check out the following list for ideas and reminders.

REQUIRED PLAYER EQUIPMENT

Defense

  • Athletic supporter – all male players

  • Metal, fiber, or plastic type cup – all male catchers

  • Catcher’s helmet and mask, with “dangling” throat guard; NO skull caps – all catchers; must be worn during pitcher warm-up, infield practice, while batter is in box

  • Catcher’s mitt – all baseball catchers

  • Chest protector and leg protectors – all catchers; must be worn while batter is in box; long model chest protector required for Little League (Majors) and younger catchers

Offense

  • Helmet meeting NOCSAE standards – all batters, base runners, and players in coaches boxes

  • Helmet chinstrap – all helmets made to have chin strap (with snap buttons, etc.)

  • Regulation-sized ball for the game and division being played; marked RS for regular season or RS-T for regular season and tournament in baseball

  • Regulation-sized bat – all batters; Little League (Majors) and younger baseball divisions must have bat marked with BPF 1.15 beginning in 2009

  • Non-wood bats must have a grip of cork, tape, or composite material, and must extend a minimum of 10 inches from the small end. Slippery tape is prohibited.

REQUIRED FIELD EQUIPMENT

  • 1st, 2nd and 3rd bases that disengage from their anchors K Pitcher’s plate and home plate

  • Players’ benches behind protective fences

  • Protective backstop and sideline fences

OPTIONAL PLAYER EQUIPMENT

Defense

  • Metal, fiber, or plastic type cup – any player, esp. infielders

  • Pelvic protector – any female, esp. catchers

  • Heart Guard/XO Heart Shield/Female Rib Guard – any defensive player, esp. pitchers, infielders

  • Game-Face Safety Mask – any player, esp. infielders

  • Goggles/shatterproof glasses – any player, esp. Infielders or those with vision limitations

Offense

  • Helmet – adults in coaches boxes

  • Helmet with Face Guards or C-Flap meeting NOCSAE standards – all batters, esp. in younger divisions

  • Mouth guard – batters, defensive players

  • Goggles/Shatterproof glasses – any player, esp. those with vision limitations

  • Batters vest/Heart Guard/Heart Shield/Female Rib Guard – any batter

  • Regulation-sized reduced impact ball

OPTIONAL FIELD EQUIPMENT

  • Double 1st base that disengages from its anchor

  • Baseball mound for pitcher’s plate

  • Portable pitchers baseball mound with pitcher’s plate K Protective/padded cover for fence tops

  • Foul ball return in backstop fencing

BPF RULE GOES INTO EFFECT FOR BASEBALL DIVISIONS

Buying bats for your league’s baseball divisions? If it is composite metal, make sure it has the BPF 1.15 label. Bats in use in Little League Baseball (Majors Division and younger) must have the new bat performance factor listed on the bat.

Unless this marking is present, the bat will be removed from games.

Little League officials are aware some bats do not have the required markings but are Little League approved. And some of the bats on the approved bat list may not carry the required BPF 1.15 marking, depending on when they were manufactured and licensed.

Little League is building a list of bats that are approved but do not have the BPF marking due to special circumstances. For these bats, the eligibility for play will be extended until December 31, 2009. As Little League is made aware of bats that meet the BPF rule for this extension, the bats will be added to the list.

ONLY bats with a BPF 1.15 marking or that are listed below will be allowed for use in the Little League (Majors) Baseball and younger divisions in 2009.

Non-BPF-marked bats approved until Dec. 31, 2009:

Adidas – Vanquish (blue design) A newer model of this bat, also named Vanquish with copper and black markings, has the proper labeling, so is therefore not subject to the one-year rule.

DeMarini – Black Coyote, Rogue, Distance, Rumble, Tengu, Mach 10, Patriot

Easton – LZ-810, LZ-800, Stealth Optiflex LST 1, Louisville Slugger – YB31

NIKE – Areo

Spring 2009 5

IMPORTANT:

Incident Report

There may be times where an incident needs to be reported to MCLL regarding an injury or other event. Please complete the following questions in as much detail as possible so we can sufficiently understand what happened in order to address any changes or other actions that may be needed. Please submit an incident report online at http://www.mclittleleague.org/coaches/incident-report  as soon as possible to report the event and then fax in a more detailed description of the incident as soon as possible.

Parent/Athlete Concussion Information Sheet

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury

that changes the way the brain normally works. A concussion is caused by bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. Even a “ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CONCUSSION?

Signs and symptoms of concussion can show up right after the injury or may not appear or be noticed until days or weeks after the injury.

If an athlete reports one or more symptoms of concussion listed below after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, s/he should be kept out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says s/he is symptom-free and it’s OK to return to play.

SIGNS OBSERVED BY COACHING STAFF

  • Appears dazed or stunned

  • Is confused about assignment or position

  • Forgets an instruction

  • Is unsure of game, score, or opponent

  • Moves clumsily

  • Answers questions slowly

  • Loses consciousness (even briefly)

  • Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes

  • Can’t recall events prior to hit or fall

  • Can’t recall events after hit or fall

SYMPTOMS REPORTED BY ATHLETES

  • Headache or “pressure” in head

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Balance problems or dizziness

  • Double or blurry vision

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Sensitivity to noise

  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy

  • Concentration or memory problems

  • Confusion

  • Just not “feeling right” or “feeling down”

Did You Know?

  • Most concussions occur without loss of consciousness.

  • Athletes who have, at any point in their lives, had a concussion have an increased risk for another concussion.

  • Young children and teens are more likely to get a concussion and take longer to recover than adults.

Remember

Concussions affect people differently. While most athletes with a concussion recover quickly and fully, some will have symptoms that last for days, or even weeks. A more serious concussion can last for months or longer.

CONCUSSION DANGER SIGNS

In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in a person with a concussion and crowd the brain against the skull. An athlete should receive immediate medical attention if after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body s/he exhibits any of the following danger signs:

  • One pupil larger than the other

  • Is drowsy or cannot be awakened

  • A headache that not only does not diminish, but gets worse

  • Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination

  • Repeated vomiting or nausea

  • Slurred speech

  • Convulsions or seizures

  • Cannot recognize people or places

  • Becomes increasingly confused, restless, or agitated

  • Has unusual behavior

  • Loses consciousness (even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously)

WHY SHOULD AN ATHLETE REPORT THEIR SYMPTOMS?

If an athlete has a concussion, his/her brain needs time to heal. While an athlete’s brain is still healing, s/he is much more likely to have another concussion. Repeat concussions can increase the time it takes to recover. In rare cases, repeat concussions in young athletes can result in brain swelling or permanent damage to their brain. They can even be fatal.

WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU THINK YOUR ATHLETE HAS A CONCUSSION?

If you suspect that an athlete has a concussion, remove the athlete from play and seek medical attention. Do not try to judge the severity of the injury yourself. Keep the athlete out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says s/he is symptom-free and it’s OK to return to play.

Rest is key to helping an athlete recover from a concussion. Exercising or activities that involve a lot of concentration, such as studying, working on the computer, or playing video games, may cause concussion symptoms to reappear or get worse. After a concussion, returning to sports and school is a gradual process that should be carefully managed and monitored by a healthcare professional.

It’s better to miss one game than the whole season. For more information on concussions, visit: www.cdc.gov/Concussion.